Vertigo can be a result of a temporary change in the body or a permanent disease; it can be Central or Peripheral vertigo. Central vertigo is associated with the brain or the central nervous system, while peripheral vertigo is related to the ears; about 93% of the cases are of peripheral vertigo.
Below are some of the other common conditions that can cause dizziness and vomiting.
The problem takes place due to an inflammation in the labyrinth of the inner ear due to an infection. The vestibulocochlear nerve endings in this area stimulate the brain cells that lead to random dizziness and other issues, such as pain in the ear or even blurry vision.
This condition is almost similar to labyrinthitis, but here the vestibular nerve gets inflamed. But in this condition, the person does not face hearing loss, which is an important symptom in the case of labyrinthitis. The symptoms of vestibular neuritis are nausea, blurred vision, and balance problem.
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
BPPV is the most common cause, the problem is caused by the movement of our head. The movement causes the tiny calcium carbonate crystals in the inner ear to move around, and the movement causes the crystals to touch the sensory cells in the semi-circular canal which trigger bouts of severe dizziness 1.
Dizziness In Early Pregnancy
Pregnancy is the time when women go through several hormonal changes. Pregnancy often leads to a change in the characteristics of the fluid in the inner ear that can lead to dizziness In early pregnancy and related issues.
What Are The Other Conditions?
Apart from the conditions mentioned above, many other conditions may cause vertigo, such as head injury, ear surgery, and multiple sclerosis.
What Are The Causes That Can Cause Dizziness?
Apart from some common conditions, certain diseases can cause vertigo. Below are some of the associated diseases.
Cholesteatoma is a kind of a skin growth noticed in the middle portion of the ear and is usually non-cancerous. It is due to repeated infections. A cholesteatoma usually grows behind the eardrum and can erode the tissue of the middle ear. The condition can cause issues such as dizziness and hearing loss.
Meniere’s disease 2 is a disorder of the middle ear and can lead to dizziness and vomiting, tinnitus and, hearing loss.
Perilymph Fistula is caused due to a ruptured eardrum or in some cases, a tear in the ligament between the inner ear and middle ear. As a result, the fluid gets displaced which leads to miscommunication with the brain. Perilymphatic fistula can also cause constant dizziness and headache, followed by other symptoms.
Otosclerosis is the abnormal bone growth in the middle ear; it causes a blockage for which surgery is advised. Otosclerosis causes dizziness and balance issues.
Ataxia occurs due to the injury to the muscles, nerves, or directly to the brain, mainly the cerebellum, which is responsible for maintaining balance and coordination in the body.
Migraine is an intense headache that can cause vertigo at times. There can be several causes of migraine, such as stress and pungent smell. A person suffering from migraine needs to stay away from the things that can trigger the condition.
Acoustic neuroma is a benign growth on the vestibulocochlear nerve near the inner ear. Acoustic neuroma can cause dizziness and balance issues.
- Cardiovascular diseases that are quite common in older people can be one of the reasons.
- Severe ear infections or problems in the ears are also the reasons that need urgent attention and treatment.
- Any kind of injury to the head
- Any type of medication that you are taking such as antipsychotics or antidepressants
How Is Vertigo Diagnosed?
Unless the spell is temporary due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, the following tests help in diagnosing vertigo.
The Head thrust test or the head impulse test is to test the reflex system. The test determines the coordination of the eyes and the inner ear.
The doctor will ask you to close your eyes and stand with your feet together. Your balance is observed.
The doctor will ask you to close your eyes and walk straight, it diagnoses the side affected by vertigo depending on the drift from the centerline.