Please note that the above tips show that the person might be suffering from Hearing loss. You should fix an appointment with the Audiologist or the Hearing Care Professional. The Audiologist will start with checking the ears with the Otoscope. The physical check will ensure that there is no earwax in the ears.
The next step is the Audiological tests. The Audiologist might conduct any of the following Hearing Tests.
OAE or Oto Acoustic Emission Test
This is a quick test which checks hearing up to the Inner Ear Hair Cells.
Pure Tone Audiometry Test
This test measures the level or severity of Hearing loss.
This test checks the functioning of the Middle Ear
ABR or Auditory Brainstem Response
This test is for babies. The test measures the Brains response to the tones and clicks presented to the ears.
Hearing Loss Treatment
The ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat) doctor and the Audiologist will study the reports. The reports will determine the intensity or severity and the type of Hearing Loss. The line of treatment will depend on the type of hearing loss.
Treatment for Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Age or accidents can cause weakness in the nerves or damage to the delicate Hair Cells in the Cochlea. This is a major cause of Sensorineural Hearing Loss. This type of Hearing loss is mostly permanent. Doctors do prescribe vitamin supplements, corticosteroids and drug therapy. To date, there is no direct cure for Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Research on Hair Cell Regeneration and Stem Cell Therapy is at an advanced stage. We will have a cure very shortly.
Currently, the recommended remedy for Sensorineural Hearing loss is use of Digital Hearing Devices.
Treatment for Conductive Hearing Loss
In a majority of the cases Conductive Hearing Loss is curable. Unless the damage to the Outer Ear or the Middle is severe.
Causes of Conductive Hearing Loss
The following reasons can cause Conductive Hearing loss.
Cleaning the Ears can rectify the situation. Find out how to clean earwax at home.
This happens in the case of children. At times they insert beads or small play items in the ear. Removing them can restore hearing.
Bacterial or Fungal infection can take place. Keep your ears clean to prevent infection. Consult the doctor who will prescribe antibiotics to clear the infection.
Abnormal growth in the Ear
Sometimes there is abnormal bone growth. This growth reduces the size of the ear canal. The problem can be surgically corrected.
Eardrum can rupture due to a build-up of pressure in the middle ear or due to an external injury.
In most of the above cases, Hearing Loss is reversible with proper treatment.
Treatment for Mixed Hearing Loss
A Mixed hearing loss is a combination of Sensorineural and Conductive Hearing Loss. Normally the Doctor will first start with the treatment of Conductive Hearing Loss. This will bring some relief to the patient.
Currently available treatment of Sensorineural Hearing loss cannot reverse hearing loss. Field trials are at an advanced stage and a cure will be available very soon.