Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau, PC CC CH QC FRSC October 18, 1919 - September 28, 2000, often referred to by the initials PET, was a Canadian statesman who served as the 15th Prime Minister of Canada 1968–1979 and 1980–1984. He is the 3rd longest-serving Prime Minister in Canadian history behind William Lyon Mackenzie King and John A. Macdonald, having served for 15 years, 164 days. Trudeau rose to prominence as a lawyer, intellectual, and activist in Quebec politics. In the 1960s he entered federal politics by joining the Liberal Party of Canada. He was appointed as Lester B. Pearson's Parliamentary Secretary and later became his Minister of Justice. Trudeau became a media sensation, inspiring 'Trudeaumania', and took charge of the Liberals in 1968. From the late 1960s until the mid-1980s, his personality dominated the political scene to an extent never before seen in Canadian political life. Despite his personal motto, 'Reason before passion', his personality and political career aroused polarizing reactions throughout Canada.
Admirers praise the force of Trudeau's intellect and salute his political acumen in preserving national unity against the Quebec sovereignty movement, suppressing a terrorist crisis, fostering a pan-Canadian identity, and in achieving sweeping institutional reform, including the implementation of official bilingualism, patriation of the Constitution, and the establishment of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Critics accuse him of arrogance, of economic mismanagement, and of unduly centralizing Canadian decision-making to the detriment of Quebec's culture and the economy of the Prairies. He retired from politics in 1984, and John Turner succeeded him. His eldest son, Justin Trudeau, became the 23rd and current Prime Minister as a result of the 2015 federal election and is the first prime minister of Canada to be related to a former prime minister. Trudeau died on Thursday, September 28 at 3:00 p.m. at his home in Montreal with his surviving sons, Justin who became the 23rd Prime Minister of Canada in 2015 and Sacha, and his former wife, Margaret at his side. It was 20 days before his 81st birthday. He suffered from Parkinson's disease and prostate cancer.
Prime Minister: Pierre Trudeau
Wife: Margaret Trudeau
Born: Montreal, Canada
Elected: 1980 to 1984
Political Party: Liberal Party
Left Office: Retired
Date of Birth: October 18, 1919
Date of Death: September 28, 2000
Age at Death: Pierre Trudeau was -81
Cause of Death: Prostate Cancer
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